Dark Energy and Dark Matter

Home and Introduction
The Accelerating Expanding Universe Anomaly
The Galaxy Halo Anomaly
Dark Matter
The Movements of Planets
The Laws
Doug Lowe
Some Other Anomalies



The Movements of the Planets

If the Laws work on the largest to the smallest scales then they should work in our solar system.  I have looked at the motions of the planets and as far as I can see, the  two interdependent propulsion laws work.  

If propulsion is a fundamental property of matter then the planets and their satelites are propelled through the solar system

In a stable orbit, the First Law of propulsion says that as much propulsive force as is necessary will be used to maintain that orbit.  The Second Law says that any residual propulsive force will result in rotational motion. When there is no or insufficient residual force, the object will become locked i.e. its face will always point to the host.  If there is insufficient propulsive force to maintain a stable orbit, the orbit will decay at an accelerating rate.

Therefore the closer a body is to the host, the greater the mutual force of gravity and so the greater the amount of angular propulsive force will be needed to maintain the orbit.  And so there is less likely to be a surplus of propulsive force to drive spin. 

The table below of the motions of the major planets is taken from a NASA site.  It serves the simple purpose of showing that there is a direct relationship between the mass of a planet, the distance from the sun and length of day (spin velocity).

An excellent example is to compare Venus and the Earth.  My theory states that if Venus, having a similar mass to the the Earth system & therefore a similar gravity and propulsive force was in the same orbital position as the Earth, it would have a similar rotational velocity to the the Earth.  In fact, it would have a higher rotational velocity of say, notionally 12 hours because the combined mass of the  Earth/Moon system is 6.04 which is 20% greater than Venus's.  This means that due to the higher mutual attraction of the Earth system & the Sun, less rotational propulsive force remains than would be the case if Venus occupied the same orbital slot.  So to make the point, Earth rotates at the rate that the Second Law predicts relative to the rotational motion of Venus. Now take the opposite case:  How would the Earth system behave if it occupied the same orbital slot as Venus.  By applying the two  laws, as the gravitational force between the Earth system and the Sun would be much greater, the Earth system could not maintain a stable orbit in this location so its orbit would decay.

The Earth system behaves as it should in a gravity propulsion universe.

The same applies to Mars relative to the Earth.  A much smaller planet than Earth but 50% further away would have a much smaller requirement for orbital propulsive force and therefore would still have significant remaining rotational force to enable a 24 hour day.

When the same logic is applied to all of the major planets it shows that they obey the Laws.  You can argue about how planetary satelites work.  When considering them you have to take into account the fact of orbital resonance. Generally, due to the short distances between many of them, some are not only locked with their host, they are also locked orbitally with each other and that makes simple comparisons impossible.

Now this brings me back to my fundamental disagreement with mainstream science which maintains that from time immemorial, by momentum alone, the planets and stars have somehow maintained their orbits (and positions) in spite of the overwhelming force of gravity accelerating the objects together.  It seems to me, fundamentally bad science that an accelerative tractor force (gravity) vector does not require a contrary accelerative propulsive force vector at right angles to it in order to maintain a circular orbit.  To assert that momentum alone, which is not a propulsive force and therefore, IS NOT equivalent to an accelerative gravitational force is fundamentally flawed.  Gravity cannot at the same time accelerate matter with a tractor force yet allow it to escape and propel it away from it. That is simply nonsense.  And without a propulsive force that counteracts gravity, It is fundamentally true that celestial objects will ultimately acclerate into each other.

Like gravity, the propulsive force obeys laws.  I have tried to formulate the laws in the following section: The Laws


Rocky Planets Ratio of mass Length
of Day

Ratio of distance from sun

Comparison of Orbit  & Rotation  
Mercury .33 Minimal 57.9 Small mass very close to sun. Small attractive force but most of propulsive force used up in maintaining orbit. Therefore minimal rotation  


4.87 Minimal 108.2 Double the distance but much bigger mass so much greater gravitational force. So much greater mutual attraction. Most of propulsive energy used up in orbital propulsion hence minimal rotational force remains - Venus barely rotates  
Earth 5.97 24 149.6 50% further from sun than Venus, slightly greater mass. The extra distance from the sun results in much reduced gravitational pull. Result is much less propulsive force required for maintaining orbit. Balance of force goes into 24 hour rapid raotation  
Earth/Moon 6.04        
Mars 0.642 24.7 227.9 50% further from sun than Earth. But only 11% of mass. So the mutual grvitational pull with the Sun is much reduced.  Propulsive force required to maintain orbit is significantly less than that required by Earth. So there is significant propulsive force remaining to provide rotational propulsion. Hence the 24 hour rapid rotation of Mars   
Gas Giants          
Jupiter 1898 9.9 778.6
    Relative to the rocky planets, jupiter is gigantic but it is over 3 x further out than Mars. It has a huge gravitional pull with the sun requiring massive propulsive force to maintain a stable orbit. Nevertheless after using up a lot of its propulsive force for orbital maintenance, there is still huge residual populsive force for rotational motion hence the very rapid 9.9 day rotation
Saturn 568 10.7 1433.5 Saturn is 2x further out than Jupiter. But it is one third the mass and therefore a much lower mutually attractive force and therefore much less propulsive force is required for orbital maintenance.  So there is still sufficient propulsive force left to enable a fast rotational velocity of 10.7 days  
Uranus 86.8 17.2 2872.5
    Uranus is 6 x lower in mass than Saturn. But it is 2 x the distance. Orbital maintenance requires much less propulsive force but being much smaller than Saturn, there is significantly less propulsive force left for propelling rotational motion hence the 17 day rotational velocity.
Neptune 102 16.1 4495.1
          Neptune is 20% bigger than Uranus but is 60% further out. Because it is bigger yet further out, a similar amount of propulsive force will be required to maintain orbital velocity. And therefore a similar amount of relative propulsive force will remain to power rotational velocity of 16.1 days